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“Cracking” refers to the gerrymandering practice of spreading voters of a particular group or party across multiple electoral districts in order to dilute their voting power and prevent them from constituting a majority in any one district.

The objective of this tactic is to prevent the targeted group from gaining sufficient electoral representation, thereby skewing election outcomes in favor of the party orchestrating the redistricting.

Unlike “packing,” which aims to concentrate voters of one group into a single district, “cracking” disperses them, rendering them ineffective in influencing the electoral outcomes across multiple districts.

This fragmentation dilutes their voting power, making it challenging for these groups to elect candidates who represent their interests in any given district.

Use of “Cracking” in a sentence

  • The redistricting map appears to engage in cracking by dividing historically Democratic neighborhoods among multiple Republican-leaning districts, thereby diluting their electoral influence.
  • Advocacy groups are challenging the new electoral boundaries, arguing that cracking has been used to systematically disenfranchise minority voters.
  • Political analysts contend that the cracking evident in the new districts will make it difficult for opposition parties to achieve meaningful gains in the upcoming elections, despite significant public support.